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绒癌 - 妇科 - CCUN护理网 - 中国第一护理门户网站

绒癌

绒毛膜癌是一种高度恶性的肿瘤,继发于葡萄胎、流产或足月分娩以后。少数可发生于异位妊娠后,多为生育年龄妇女。偶尔发生于未婚妇女的卵巢称为原发性绒毛膜癌。应用化学药物治疗,使绒癌的预后有了显著的改观。
  • 绒癌的临床表现

     1.阴道流血  为最主要症状。表现为产后、流产后,尤其在葡萄胎刮宫手术后有不规则阴道流血,量不定;也可以由子宫病灶侵蚀血管或阴道转移结节破溃引起。
      2.盆腔包块及内出血  因增大子宫或阔韧带内血肿形成或增大的黄素囊肿,往往有下腹包块。
      3.腹痛  癌组织侵蚀子宫壁或子宫腔积血所致,也可因转移所致。
      4.转移灶表现  基本与侵蚀性葡萄胎相同,但症状更严重,破坏性更强。肺部最多发,阴道次之。脑转移常继发于肺转移后,是死亡的主要原因。

  • 绒癌的临床护理

     1.见妇科一般护理。
      2.患者入院后,测血型、配血,以防大出血时急用。
      3,严密观察有无出血情况及转移症状,鼓励患者进食,纠正贫血,改善身体状态。
      4.如病情须全子宫切除术,见外科一般护理。
      5.做好化疗护理,见化疗护理。

  • 绒癌的健康指导

     鼓励进食,提供患者喜欢的食谱,经常换口味。有转移灶症状出现时,应卧床休息,待病情缓解后再适当活动。节制性生活,并落实避孕措施。有阴道转移者严禁性生活。

  • 绒癌的用药指导

  • 绒癌的保健品

  • 绒癌的相关资讯


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